1. In 2050, One In Every Three Americans Will Be A Latino:
The United States has a population of 318.9 million people. How many of them are Latinos? The latest study from Pew Research confirms that some 54.1 million have latino origin. Mexicans represent 65%, Puerto Ricans take the second place at 9%, and Cuban and Salvadoreans comprise 3% each.
They conform 17% of the entire U. S population, becoming the second-largest ethnic group right behind white Americans. Recent projections indicate that the latino population will grow exponentially. So far, Latinos are about to surpass whites as the largest racial groups in California.
Studies suggest that in 2050, America will have a population of 420 million people. Latinos will make up almost 31 percent of the population and, by that time, one in every three Americans will be of Latino origin.
2. In An Increasing Aging Population, Latinos Represent The Youngest Group
Image Source: childtrends
Latinos are the youngest ethnic group in America. The median age of Americans overall is 37 years, but that one of Latinos is a decade lower: 27 years. This is worth noting in a country whose aging population will increase in the next decades.
The U.S Bureau reported that, in 2011, 50.4% of them of American newborns came from minorities. The 2010 Census also shows that ethnic minorities accounted for 91.7% of the nation’s population growth since 2000. The reasons can vary: from cultural to educational. The study shows that foreign-born Hispanic women tend to have more children than U.S born Hispanic women.
3. Latinos Seem To Be Massively Renouncing Catholicism
Image Source: Bishop
Only in 2010, 67% of Latinos claimed to profess the Catholic religion. You wouldn’t believe there could be much of a change in four years. Surprisingly wrong. In 2014, only 55% of Latinos still professed Catholicism. The church followers suffered a dramatic reduction of twelve percent decrease (approximately 30 million people).
Those who abandoned their ties to the church, mainly engaged in two paths: they became affiliated to Evangelical (or Protestant) Churches (22% of total latino population) or turned agnostics. This change has mainly occurred among Latino adults under the age of 50. Generally, the decline of catholic affiliation is pronounced among younger generation of Hispanics.
4. Partially Due to Obama’s Anti-immigration Policies, Hispanic Immigration Declined Dramatically
Image Source: PBS
Barack Obama’s issued an executive action to keep illegal immigrants from being deported. In order to avoid deportation , undocumented immigrants must prove to both be free of felonies and to pay taxes. However, this executive action came after Obama allowed the highest deportation rate in the US for the past 20 years. These deportations sparked intense criticism by the public and the media. Journalist Jorge Ramos accussed Obama of “destroying many families.”
Obama’s measure also intensified another trend: a dramatic decline of Hispanic immigration to the U.S. After four decades of steady border crossing, the Hispanic immigration wave is currently at an all-time low.
Since 2007, two years before Obama got elected, the immigration flow started to reduce. During Obama’s mandate, the trend multiplied. From 2010 to 2012, the return flow to Mexico exceeded the inflow from Mexico to U.S territory. As of 2011, around 6.1 million unauthorized Mexican immigrants were living in the U.S, down from a peak of nearly 7 million in 2007.
5. Most Foreign Born Latino Immigrants Prefer To Speak Spanish
Image Source: Fusion
No matter what, Latinos love Spanish. To keep speaking your language may also be a way of clinging to your own identity. Of all foreign born latino immigrants in America, only 31% (one third) of them speak only English. The other two thirds prefer to communicate in Spanish and reported speaking English “less than well.”
What about other common activities? Out of all Latino population in America, 50% of them only read the newspaper in English, the other half opted to read the news in Spanish or both. In relation to religious worship, only 17% of all Latinos in America attended to services celebrated only in English. The rest of them choose to attend services either in Spanish or both.
However, due to the rise of Latinos born in the U.S, Spanish language use might likely decline in the near future.
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6. Marijuana: Another Sign That Most Latinos Are Republicans “In The Closet”
Image Source: Aleqt
In relation to political choices, it seems that most Latinos in America refuse to get out of the closet. Even though in past elections Latinos have voted for democrats, they still keep very conservative views. The case of marijuana legalization serves as an example. In a country that is slowly opening to that idea, conservatives still massively oppose it.
What about Latinos? According to a Gallup poll taken only a few months ago, 60% of Latinos reject the idea of marijuana legalization. Among Latino registered voters, only 34% of them approve of legalization for recreational use. Their preference might also be linked with consumption patterns. Most Latinos do not consume marijuana: only 33% of all U.S Latinos said to have smoked it.
Aside from pot legalization, latinos maintain other conservative beliefs. Check this out. According to Barna organization, in a country where 41% of the babies are born out of wedlock, 70% of Latinos still believe that a child must only be raised by married parents. And 60% believe that sex should only be practiced during marriage. Pretty uptight, huh?
7. Our Family Values Show Up Even In the Way We Take Our Vacations
Image Source: Views
According to a poll by the Baltimore Sun, 45% of Americans prefer spending their vacation with their families. Considering the strong Latino family values, their experience must be different.
It totally is: 67 % of Latinos (more than two third of them) spend their vacation time with their families. And if one vacation is not enough, they take two. The survey indicated that almost 80% of Latinos take more than one vacation per year. Are they going to Europe, the Bahamas or Maui? No! Out of all Latinos in the U.S, an astounding 64% returned to their homeland to be around family during vacation time. This just shows how cultural roots have a more powerful role than we wish to admit.
8. Jacksonville, Florida: A Paradise For Latinos In The U.S
Jacksonville skyline at night-Image Source: Jacksonville
With the right qualities, Latinos can become successful anywhere in America. But what cities are best suited for Latinos to achieve the American Dream? For a long time, the prime cities for Latinos have been New York, Miami, Chicago, and Los Angeles.
But this year, a recent study by Forbes found unexpected results. Taking into account factors such as homeownership, self employment-rate, entrepreneurship and median household income, none of the cities mentioned above came close. Even Los Angeles, with a population of 6 million latinos, rated at a disappointing 32nd place. The #1 place was taken by Jacksonville, Florida.
In Jacksonville, the homeownership rate is 55% (almost 6 out of 10 Latinos own a house) and the median household income is $50,170 which is well above the average $41,470 from the 52 biggest U.S metropolitan areas. Just last year, over 22,000 new jobs were created in Jacksonville, and its hispanic population has grown 148% since 2000.
9. Latino Men In The U.S Are Surprisingly “Faithful” When They Cheat
Image Source: Huffpost
Recent studies confirmed that American women are more willing to cheat (but mainly for emotional reasons) than any time before in U.S history. This dramatic change has been caused by an increase of female independence and women rights’ awareness.
While women now cheat more often, the rate of male cheaters (who mainly cheat just for sex) have remained still (about 70% admit they do). But the normal trend is that American men are more likely to switch lovers. Overall, American men wish to remain emotionally monogamous and sexually polygamous. But what about Latinos?
As intriguing as it sounds, Latino men tend to stay faithful to their lovers while cheating. While other men easily get bored and find a new lover, Latinos remain attached to only one lover. In this way, Latinos represent a new breed: men who are emotionally monogamous and sexually bigamous. Well, sort of. After a while they develop feelings for their lovers and turn “emotionally and sexually” bigamous.
Now the question is: How will these changes affect the future of marriage as an institution?
10. Hate Crimes Against Latinos Are On The Rise
Image Source: Fox
Latinos conform the second most discriminated group in the U.S, right behind African Americans. Some sources indicate that, since 2002, hate crime against latinos is on the rise. From 2003 to 2007, the number of reported hate crimes nationwide increased by 40 %, from 423 to 595 victims.
In a U.S Department of Justice study released last year, it was concluded that “in 2012, Hispanics experienced a higher rate of hate crime victimization than whites and blacks”. Hate crime incidents against Hispanics more than tripled: (2.0 victimizations per 1,000 residents), in comparison than whites (0.8 per 1,000) and a slightly higher rate than blacks (1.1 per 1,000).
According to specialists from the Southern Poverty Law Center, the rise in hate crime against Latinos is related to “the continuing and rising anger over the country’s demographic changes, and the loss of the white majority.”
It is expected that the facts described above will change over time. The beliefs of second and third generation Latinos living in America will definitely construct a new Latino identity. Such new identity will be hopefully different and bring a new perspective and direction in America’s future.