The Student Movement of 2006 was initiated and organized by high school students (14 to 17 year olds) who demanded free and quality education. The movement attracted over 800,000 people, becoming the largest student demonstration of the past thirty years in Chile.
The first Latin American country to legalize gay marriage. The Equal Marriage Law was signed in 2010 by Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, who happens to be the first female President of Argentina.
The Brazilian Amazon is home to the most isolated indigenous tribes in the world. There are at least 77 un-contacted groups in the region.
Former President Jose Mujica was the ‘poorest’ president in the world because he donates 90% of his income to charity. He rides a 1987 Volkswagen Beetle, wears sandals to meetings, and also was the first Latin American leader to legalize marijuana.
Mexico City sinks 10 inches every year. As ground water is consumed by an ever growing population, soil is weakened and the city drops almost a foot every year.
The first Latin American country to get rid of McDonalds. The chain went bankrupt and closed its last franchise back in 2002. Bolivians claim they simply rather buy burgers and fries from local street vendors.
According to the 2014 Barometer of Happiness and Hope, Colombia is ranked as the happiest country in the world. Only 2% of the Colombians polled declared themselves as ‘‘unhappy’, making them twice as happy than the global average.
Mario Vargas Llosa, author of The Time of the Hero and Nobel prize winner ran for president in 1990. He lost the election to Albert Fujimori, a son of Japanese immigrants.
9. Dominican Republic
Not only is Victor Estrella Burgos the first Dominican to have played in the U.S. Open, he also made recent history as the oldest tennis player in the championship.
The first Latin American country to declare femicide (the killing of women solely based on their gender) a punishable crime. Despite the law, it is one of the countries with the most femicides in the world.
In the last thirty years, Venezuela has won more beauty titles than any other country in the world. It is also in the top three list of Latin American countries with the most cosmetic surgeries.
The first country in the world to grant constitutional rights to Nature. This means that the ecosystem itself can be treated as a defendant in court.
Not only does Cuba have the lowest infant mortality rate in Latin America, it also beats the United States. Its mortality rate is 4.6 per thousand births while the United States’s is 5.2.
In the United States it might rain “cats and dogs” but in Honduras it literally rains fish. The phenomenon known as Yoro Fish Rain happens during the heavy rainy season between May and June.
By law, the only bilingual country in Latin America . Paraguayans officially speak Spanish and Guaraní: the country’s indigenous language.
16. El Salvador
The country has one of the largest cellphone densities in the world, where there are literally more cellphones than people (135 phones per 100 persons)
17. Costa Rica
Is one of the few nation-states that does not have an army, abolished by The Constitution in 1949. Nevertheless if the country were to be at war, the United States would offer its armed forces.
The famous Panama Canal charges for passage by weight. When American adventurer Richard Halliburton decided to swim through the canal, he paid the lowest fare in history, a total of 36 cents for his full body weight of 140 pounds.